From the 2016 Zika emergency and the 2014 Ebola emergency, we learned, it is clear that investments in health systems strengthening and emergency preparedness are critical. There are many key attributes of surveillance and control of disease outbreaks; however, this data no matter the context is inherently spatial. For effective and efficient prevention and control, programs need to understand where problems are located. An ability to manage and present disease data spatially via GIS created maps improves the efficiency of evidence-based decisions in times where time and resources are limited. GIS facilitate the manipulation, storage and display of key data. For vector-borne diseases, control programs might use GIS to survey and monitor vector distribution and abundance, as well as track the numbers and locations of disease cases.

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Innovation in Graduate Education for Health Professionals in Humanitarian Emergencies

The objective of this report was to show how the Center for Humanitarian Emergencies (the Center) at Emory University (Atlanta, Georgia USA) has trained graduate students to respond to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs) through innovative educational programs, with the goal of increasing the number of trained humanitarian workers.

Evans DP, Anderson M, Shahpar C, Nash T, del Rio C. and Curran JW.

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Conflict as a Social Determinant of Health

The Conflict Determinant Model (CDM) provides a theoretical base for emergency responders, public health professionals, and social scientists to include the social determinants of health in their programming and for analysis of the impact of conflict on health status.

Martin LS and Evans DP.

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The Humanitarian Emergencies Research Team (HERT) was founded in 2013 and aims to provide students with an opportunity to collaborate with public health professionals and contribute to research projects related to Complex Humanitarian Emergencies (CHEs). HERT is sponsored by the CDC’s Emergency Response and Recovery Branch (ERRB) and Emory University through the Center for Humanitarian Emergencies (CHE). 

The group includes students from all RSPH departments with an interest in CHEs. No prior experience necessary. Members are selected through a competitive application process.  

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Lara Martin’s research interests focus on Islam and health, medical anthropology, nationalism and health in conflict settings, risk mitigation and preparedness, and child centered programing. Martin is currently working on a project proposing conflict as a social determinant of health. The framework aims to guide aid workers in the areas of health comparison, community engagement, program design, impact measurement, and monitoring and evaluation.